Typhoid, often known as typhoid fever, affects millions of people each year in underdeveloped nations, especially children. Typhoid cannot be spread by animals. Instead, direct contact with a person who has typhoid causes the infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi to spread between people.
Through the mouth, the germs enter the body and then spread to other tissues and organs, resulting in typical typhoid symptoms including high fever and the flu. Many people also contract the disease by consuming tainted food or water. If handled promptly and at the earliest possible stage with antibiotics, they can be fatal and life-threatening.
Common Typhoid Symptoms
One to two weeks after the person has been exposed to the disease, symptoms start to show. Typhoid is typically characterised by a persistent fever with a peak temperature of 103° to 104° F. The following are often some other typical typhoid symptoms:
abdominal or stomach pain
both constipation and diarrhoea.
sickness or vomiting
weakness and exhaustion.
appetite decrease along with weight reduction.
On the chest or stomach, rashes or very light pink spots could appear.
The person could lie inert and tired at this point if the situation is not appropriately handled, developing complications that could be fatal.
Typhoid Fever Stages
Typhoid fever symptoms appear in four stages throughout time.
First stage: Five to fourteen days after contracting Salmonella typhi, symptoms typically start to show up. Typhoid symptoms in its initial stage are headache, cough, and low fever.
Second stage: A patient may develop a high temperature, stomach pain, diarrhoea or constipation, tiredness, weight loss, and hallucinations during the second stage. Your skin can occasionally develop rashes as tiny pink spots.
Third stage: If the bacteria are not treated with antibiotics, they cause severe harm at this point, including brain inflammation or encephalitis, internal bleeding, intestinal damage, and severe dehydration.
4th stage: In the final stage, you may experience a very high temperature along with other health issues such an infection, kidney failure, pneumonia, a heart infection, etc. But with the right care, the majority of patients often recover at this point and their fever goes down.
To avoid typhoid, we should maintain appropriate cleanliness and hygiene. This condition can be managed with the use of safe drinking water and sufficient medical care. However, these circumstances are not available in some impoverished countries. In these situations, medical professionals advise that vaccinations are the best defence against typhoid and its symptoms.
Typhoid fever vaccines are available in two different forms, but you need to receive extra doses to keep safe. All of the vaccines are only partially effective. They do not ensure that you won’t contract typhoid; they can only reduce your risk of contracting it.
The oral vaccine must be taken every other day in the form of four pills or capsules. However, this form is currently unavailable.
Adults and toddlers over the age of two can receive vaccinations in a single dose. To maintain your protection, you must have a booster shot every two years.
Additional Prevention Measures
As immunizations are not always effective, you should always attempt to abide by the following recommendations to reduce your chance of contracting typhoid.
Avoid Consuming Impure Water: Never consume water that is dirty or impure. To avoid any type of water contamination, always drink bottled water or carbonated beverages. Never ever drink anything with ice in it.
Wash your hands properly after using soap or water to lower your risk of contracting an infection. To avoid developing any typhoid symptoms, wash your hands after using the bathroom and before handling food or cooking it. When water isn’t accessible, try to pack an alcohol-based hand sanitizer and use that instead.
Consume Hot Food: Avoid eating street food and foods that have been chilled. Since heat renders germs and bacteria incapable of survival, always eat hot food.
Never Eat Raw Fruits or Vegetables: Steer clear of unpeeled raw fruits and vegetables, such as lettuce, that may have been washed in polluted water. Eat only boiled or prepared meals. Be sure to thoroughly wash your utensils before cooking.
When To See A Physician
If you experience any typhoid symptoms, you should see a doctor very away. For a blood test to identify whether you have typhoid, doctors may advise you. Antibiotics are frequently used to treat typhoid. Antibiotics like Ciprofloxacin, Ampicillin, Azithromycin, etc. are frequently used to treat typhoid.
While receiving typhoid treatment, there are a few steps you need do to fully recover from the illness.
Always finish the entire course of antibiotics, per your doctor’s advice.
Increase your water and fluid intake to prevent dehydration.
To reduce the possibility of contamination, keep a safe distance from people, especially youngsters.
You should undergo another test to see whether you are fully rid of the Salmonella typhi bacterium once all of your typhoid symptoms have subsided. If caught early enough, typhoid does not have a lethal outcome. In order to fully recover from your difficulties, you could require additional treatments and hospital admission.